Direct lighting is focused illumination with an exposed light source. It enhances the visibility and directs the light to where it is needed. By highlighting objects and surfaces, direct lighting is useful for specific purposes, like reading a book or prepping food in the kitchen. Choosing the correct light source is vital to avoid glare and lighting that is too harsh.
Indirect lighting is ideal for creating an ambient setting as illumination relies on reflected, indirect light from the source. The light is emitted in different directions, which adds a delicate brightness, while the concealed light source ensures a glare-free experience. Choosing the correct light source is important to provide a sufficient level of illumination.
Diffused lighting is non-directional; a soft, scattered light that is not directed at particular objects or surfaces. The light passes through a translucent surface, creating a softer appearance that serves well as overall room illumination or to create an ambient setting. Choosing the correct light source is essential to avoid unwanted patterns on the illuminated surfaces.